Secondary education, the second stage traditionally found in formal education , beginning about age 11 to 13 and ending usually at age 15 to 18. The dichotomy between elementary education and secondary education has gradually become less marked, not only in curricula but also in organization. As of October 2004, there has been heated discussion on proposed changes in the education system, which includes (amongst others) reduction of the duration of secondary education from seven years to six years, and merging the two exams HKCEE and HKALE into one exam. Graduates of the B.S. Ed. in secondary education, earth and space science concentration, are eligible to apply for Pa. Instructional I Teaching Certification. However, both free education and the ban on child labour are difficult to enforce due to economic disparity and social conditions.
This certification enables graduates to teach physical science and general science in Grades 7-8, and physics in 9-12th Grades in public, private, parochial, magnet, charter and online school settings. According to a 2005 UNESCO report, 96% of the adult population has completed lower secondary schooling and most of them also have an upper secondary education.
The MSSU Teacher Education candidate uses an understanding of individual and group motivation and behavior to create a learning environment that encourages active engagement in learning, positive social interaction, and self‐motivation. In addition to this, ICSE students always have the advantage of being more intellectuals and boasts of having a well-groomed personality when it comes to education. Students spend 20 hours in their junior year observing in a secondary classroom and assisting the classroom teacher in conjunction with EDUC 386, Curriculum and Methods in Adolescent Education.
United States : High school (North America) (usually grades 9-12 but sometimes 10-12, it is also called senior high school) is always considered secondary education; junior high school or middle school (6-8, 7-8, 6-9, 7-9, or other variations) are sometimes considered secondary education. Malgwi noted that the STELLAR program is an after-school program that fortifies the foundation of a child’s education in the primary school.
The Missouri Southern Teacher Education candidate uses a variety of instructional strategies to encourage students’ critical thinking, problem solving, and performance skills including instructional resources. However, very few members of these occupational segments have received any formal training or education relating to their occupation from an educational institution. Other types of government or government-aided secondary schools include Religious Secondary School (Sekolah Menengah Agama), Technical Schools (Sekolah Menengah Teknik), Residential Schools and MARA Junior Science College (Maktab Rendah Sains MARA).