This pathway explores a range of philosophical issues in education practice, policy and research from a variety of different international contexts, traditions and perspectives. Theodore Brameld (1904-1987) was the founder of social reconstructionism, in reaction against the realities of World War II. He recognized the potential for either human annihilation through technology and human cruelty or the capacity to create a beneficent society using technology and human compassion. Though you will still find modern times philosophers, it can’t be prevented the strategy of philosophy of education is usually shifting.
The purpose of this writing is not only to insist the public exposure to the educational philosophy, but also to identify a major fact that education cannot achieve its ultimate objectives until the end user is willing to accept it as a constructive tool. Thus, the real aim of education is to impose those ideals on the learner and to enhance the reflective ability and the use of reason in the learner so that he may become able to go beyond his experience of the things to comprehend the ideas, the truth. Along with the Progressivists, I believe there is more to education than cognitive goals.
In idealism, the aim of education is to discover and develop each individual’s abilities and full moral excellence in order to better serve society. For example, a teacher might be said to follow a perennialist educational philosophy or to follow a perennialist philosophy of education. This aspect of Educational philosophy demands to make general public aware of this fact.
Classes focus on topics such as the role of values in education; philosophies of science and applied science; feminist philosophies and their relevance to education and the human services; 20th-century philosophic movements; and ideas of nature. Plato’s philosophy of education resembles in some respects the thought of the metaphysicians and physicists of the fifth and sixth centuries; with them it shares the faith that the human mind can achieve knowledge of what exists.
Philosophers of education generally agree that instilling critical thinking skills and rationality in students should be an aim of education, if not the aim. Long before, in Greece, great Philosophers like Socrates, Plato and Aristotle have emphasized on the education of man of determined the aims and objectives of education. Recognizing philosophical questions, getting interested in searching their answers, and questioning the authority are perhaps the most important lessons a student should learn from an introductory level philosophy class.