The emergence of secondary education in the United States did not happen until 1910, caused by the rise in big businesses and technological advances in factories (for instance, the emergence of electrification), that required skilled workers. One of the recommendation made by kothari commission provides for the introduction of specialisation from class XI, but the boards of Secondary Education of most of the Indian states have introduced general education upto class X and specialisation from class XI. Commerce is also being incorporated as a subject of study and in several states it has already been done so in class XI and XII.
After which students choose which subjects they wish to study with certain compulsory subjects such as English and Mathematics for S3 and S4. These are called Standard Grades, but some schools use Intermediates which take two years to complete with an exam at the end of S4. After Standard Grades/Intermediates, some students leave to gain employment or attend further education colleges, however nowadays most students study for Highers, of which five are usually studied.
To be admitted to candidacy, students must earn a passing score (as set by the District of Columbia teacher licensing agency) on the Praxis CORE; earn an average grade of 2.70 or higher in EDU-205 Schools and Society FA4 (3) and EDU-420 Psychology of Education (3) , pass EDU-321 Field Experience: Observation and Analysis (2) , receive satisfactory recommendations from faculty, and have an overall cumulative grade point average of 2.70 or higher.
Although pupil/teacher ratios in Sub-Saharan Africa are generally higher than in other parts of the world, the following countries from the region have only 10 to 19 pupils per secondary school teacher: Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Comoros, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Mauritius, Seychelles, and Swaziland.
Students 15 to 18 years of age enter either of two lycées, or high schools: (1) the lycée of general and technological education ( lycée d’enseignement général et technologique , or LEGT) is the successor to the traditional academic lycée of the past; (2) the vocational-educational lycée ( lycée d’enseignement professionnel , or LEP) encompasses a range of vocational-technical studies and training.